International scientific peer-reviewed journal Achievements in the life sciences
international scientific peer-reviewed journal
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    №3 of Achievements in the life sciences, 2011

Panichev A.M., Gulkov A.N.
Axial inversions of the Sun and planets as the factors for the evolution of the Solar system and biosphere of the Earth
Analysis of the currently available geological, geophysical and paleontological data of the Earth in the Phanerozoic indicates that events that were associated with biosphere disaster of the first order could be axial revolutions of the planet. The evolution of the solar system, in turn, may be associated with axial revolutions of the sun. From the standpoint of the proposed hypothesis another planet in the solar system was formed from the sun stood apart during the inversion of a plasmoid. In this new planet occupied by the orbit of Mercury with a «jump» of the existing planets on more distant orbits new.
Keywords: biospheric catastrophe, Earth, Sun, Solar System.
Achievements in the Life Sciences, 2011. №3. P. 5-40
Kovekovdova L.T., Khristoforova N.K.
Trace elements in marine macrophytes of the Russian Far East
The formation of the elemental composition (As, Hg, Pb, Cd, Zn, Cu, Ni, Co, Cr, Fe, Mn, Li, Rb, Se) of marine plants during evolution is considered. It is shown that the current concentration of elements in marine macrophytes of Russian Far East are determined by the proximity of sources of human impact, as well as natural factors such as terrigenous runoff, volcanism and upwelling.
Keywords: microelements, marine macrophytes, Far East of Russia.
Achievements in the Life Sciences, 2011. №3. P. 41-60
Popov V.K.
About a finding of plesiosaurus in early cretaceous deposits of Primorsky region
A tail vertebra of Plesiosauria indet. was found in deposits of Kangauzskaya suite (Lower Cretaceous, Upper Albian) near Novonezhino settlement. It is the first finding of such plesiosaurus in Primorsky Region and just the fourth one in the Russian Far East. A description is given for the geological structure and composition peculiarities of the born-bearing formation and the environment of the remains burial. Probable reasons of ecological crises in Cretaceous period that led to an extinction of the giant reptiles are briefly considered.
Keywords: reptiles, plesiosaurs, Primorsky region.
Achievements in the Life Sciences, 2011. №3. P. 61-68
Ivanova V.L., Barinov N.N.
Interactions of lichens with mineral ore dumps
The paper presents results of studies epilithic and epigennic lichens interaction with metallic and nonmetallic rock dumps of scheelite-sulfide deposit Vostok-2. It is shown that the interactions of such lichens prooke concentration of ferrioxide film on minerals with carbon, and lichens with Fe, S, Si (sometimes with Mg, Al, K, Mn).
Keywords: biomineral interaction, lichens, ore piles, microassay.
Achievements in the Life Sciences, 2011. №3. P. 69-77
Golokhvast K.S., Pamirsky I.E.
Molecular basis of biomineralization
A review of recent publications on the molecular aspects of biomineralization occurring in diatoms, radiolaria, sponges and other organisms. The main groups of substances involved in biomineralization are considered: silicateins, silicases, silaffins, frustulins, plevralins, silacidins, long-chain polyamines and others.
Keywords: biomineralization, sponges, diatoms, silicateins, silaffins, frustulins, plevralins, silacidins, long-chain polyamines.
Achievements in the Life Sciences, 2011. №3. P. 78-93
Bolotin E.I., Lubova V.A.
Geographical analysis of population oncological morbidity of the Russian Far East
Geographical analysis of oncological morbidity is stated that general oncological morbidity and morbidity of individual of localization has very little differences on the Russian Far East. Genetic predisposition of population of the Russian Far East for oncological morbidity is based on exist of oncoepidemiological situation.
Keywords: geographical analysis, oncological morbidity, Russian Far East.
Achievements in the Life Sciences, 2011. №3. P. 94-101
Seredkin I.V.
The feeding behavior of brown bear and the nature of use him food in the Sikhote-Alin
The methods and nature of feed intake of brown bear of the Sikhote-Alin are diverse and specific to each type of eating behavior and depend on the composition and condition of food, its availability and abundance, season, sex, age, physical condition, personal preferences and experience of the animal, the presence of competitors and harassed by other predators and humans. Feature of eating of bear in the Sikhote-Alin is the consumption of meals remains of Amur tiger.
Keywords: brown bear, Ursus arctos, Sikhote-Alin.
Achievements in the Life Sciences, 2011. №3. P. 102-120
Poklonov V.A., Kotelevtsev S.V., Demina L.L., Shestakova T.V., Sheleykovsky V.L., Ostroumov S.A.
Studying of interactions of inorganic contaminants with plants in aquatic microcosms
The phytoremediation potential of three species of aquatic plants were studied, namely Ludwigia repens J.R. Forst., Micranthemum micranthemoides (Nutt.) Wettst., and Micranthemum umbrosum (J.F. Gmel.) S.F. Blake. Their interaction with four heavy metals were investigated. The metals were added at the concentrations: Zn = 3 mg/L, Cu = 3 mg/L, Pb = 0,2 mg/L, Cd = 0,1 mg/L. It was found that the presence of the aquatic macrophytes in the aquatic microcosms accelerated a decrease in the concentration of the four metals in the aquatic medium as compared to the control (aquatic systems without macrophytes).
Keywords: interactions, inorganic contaminants, plants, aquatic, microcosms, heavy metals, hydrobiology.
Achievements in the Life Sciences, 2011. №3. P. 121-123
Poklonov V.A., Kotelevtsev S.V., Ostroumov S.A., Shestakova T.V., Solomonova E.A.
On interactions of inorganic and organic pollutants with plants
The interactions between pollutants and higher plants were studied. Both aquatic and terrestrial plants were used in the experiments. Interactions between pollutants (heavy metals Zn, Cu, Pb, and Cd; surfactant sodium dodecylsulphate) and aquatic plants (Ludwigia repens, Micranthemum micranthemoides, Micranthemum umbrosum, Ceratophyllum demersum) were studied in microcosms. Interactions between organic pollutants (detergents) and terrestrial plants (Vigna radiate, Lens culinaris ) were studied using the method of bioassay on plant seedlings. The new data discovered the phytoremediation potential of the aquatic plants that were studied in the microcosms. Phytotoxic effects of detergents were discovered at concentrations more than 0.05 mg/L.
Keywords: pollutants, plants, minerals.
Achievements in the Life Sciences, 2011. №3. P. 124-127
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